Human activities have much-polluted water sources. The rapid population increase has led to industrialization, whose wastewater is released into the water sources such as lakes and oceans. Besides, a significant percentage of water pollution comes from farms, faulty septic tanks, motor vehicles leaking oil and household activities.
Is there a safer way of disposing of wastewater instead of releasing it into the environment? Considering the effects of wastewater on human health and wildlife, we may all agree that our change of attitude, individual and collective responsibility to make things happen.
The production of wastewater is inevitable. However, how we dispose of it determines the fate of our health and the safety of the wider environment. That’s why we have discussed safe ways of getting rid of wastewater at home, factory, garage and other facilities where water is used to enhance the running of daily activities. Here are the steps you can follow.
1. Wastewater collection
This is a critical step, especially if you’re generating chemical-contaminated water from a factory or farm. Most people release wastewater in the form they’re produced without sampling and testing for chemicals.
Ensure you’ve got a wastewater collection tank or container in your premises to enhance water collection, sampling, treatment and disposal. Your wastewater collection procedure determines how well you’ll dispose of the waste.
Unless you’re generating it from your kitchen, wastewater is potentially hazardous if disposed of incorrectly. Chemical-contaminated water is a threat to aquatic life, plants, land animals and human beings. Many people contract waterborne diseases every year, and in extreme cases, deaths occur.
Therefore, it’s crucial to treat wastewater before releasing it to the environment. There are various ways of treating wastewater. They include screening, sedimentation, skimming and aeration.
Treated wastewater may become safe even for human consumption. After treatment, you can separate the pure water and take it back to the usage point and dispose of the water with contaminants.
At home, wastewater can serve several purposes. For instance, you can use it to mop your house or washroom. Besides, you can apply the water for land irrigation. After treatment, the remaining pollutants in the wastewater are assimilated into the soil while others are absorbed by the plants.
5. Subsurface discharge
This step is most suitable in industries where wastewater reuse is a challenge. The wastewater is discharged underground where it leaches into the soil through a drain field.
Water is life, and it’s hard to utilize our water sources without generating their waste. Unfortunately, many people find it hard to get rid of wastewater safely. Improper disposal of wastewater pollutes the environment and puts our health at risk. However, the five steps outlined in this article will provide water users with crucial insights about how they should safely dispose of their wastewater to enhance human health safety. Dispose of wastewater safely and be in the frontline to create a safe and sustainable environment for all of us.