Biodegradable waste is anything that breaks down (degrades) into its base compounds over time. The soil microorganisms break down these materials into base elements to form high quality compost that can serve as organic fertilizers. The crops, fruits and vegetables grown with 100% organic fertilizer are fit and healthy for human consumptions, contrary to chemically grown foods that leave ill effects on human health.
Biodegradable waste decomposes naturally when exposed to heat, microorganisms, and oxygen. Composting the waste can significantly help convert it into the usable, nutrient-rich matter, which can later be used to enrich the soil.
Composting biodegradable waste at home isn’t always easy, and people prefer taking it to composting facilities for recycling. Most composters in the UK have the needed composting conditions; heat, oxygen, and microorganisms. Therefore, taking your animal and plant matter to them is relatively cheaper and more efficient than creating your own compost bin at home.
However, biodegradable waste can be hazardous to the environment if improperly disposed of. When they rot, they emit greenhouse gases and methane, which causes a severe detriment to the environment and human health.
Composting the biodegradable material
Biodegradable waste can be composted in the presence of heat, oxygen, and microorganisms. If you’ve got a composting bin at home, follow the following steps to compost your waste:
1. Collect the biodegradable materials. Gather organic food waste from your household. Place them in a collection container, compostable bag, food container, or trash can.
2. Collect green manure. Your compost bin should be comprised of at least 50% manure or green waste. Green wastes include clover, tea leaves, tea bags, coffee grounds, wheatgrass, and grass clippings. Green materials add nitrogen to the pile to catalyse the composting process.
3. Add brown waste to the compost pile. The brown waste should account for 50% of your compost pile. It’s a source of carbon for the compost bin. You can find brown waste inside or outside your yard. Brown waste items include straw, twigs, shredded newspaper, shredded paper, leaves, untreated sawdust, and dead branches.
4. Use a pitchfork to mix the compost content and bury the compost at least ten inches underground.
5. Take the composted material to your garden. The finished compost is rich dark brown, an indicator that it’s ready for use. The process takes between two months and two years, depending on the availability of the composting conditions. Open the trash can or composting container and empty the contents. Add the composted material to your garden, orchard, or vegetable patch.
If you don’t have the right conditions to facilitate the composting process at home, signing up for your city’s composting program becomes the only option. The signing up process in the UK varies based on cities. Read the guidelines and regulations of your city’s composting program and note the procedures for disposing of the approved compostable materials.
Biodegradable waste is easy and cheap to dispose of. Contrary to other types of waste like medical wastes that need special treatment before being released into the environment, biodegradable waste simply needs creative conversion into fertilizer through the composting process.